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Unit III:  Criminal Law and Procedure

In this unit, you will examine the purpose of criminal law in Canada , the history of the Criminal Code, and the overriding concepts of justice that provide the framework for our criminal justice system. You will begin by studying some of the theories used to explain why people commit a crime.

You will explore the various defences used to deny, justify, or excuse criminal behaviour in a criminal trial. You will discuss the controversial nature of some of these defences and examine some innovative defences used by lawyers. As defences often fail, you will also investigate the purposes and objectives of sentencing, considerations involved in delivering a sentence, and the various sentencing options available.

Source:  CLN 4U1 Course Profile

Pages 273-277 

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